Thursday, October 8, 2009

Enlightenment Notes

Magical Mystery Tour Lecture Notes

Recall Great Awakening
Percolating, percolating

Another signpost: Enlightenment

Visual cues: Let students identify characters
Note Jefferson cribbing Locke

Scholasticism:
Bible is all. (Label image)
Schola: The book
Scholar root: Two meanings of scholastic.
Medieval Universities: Scholastic
Seeds of own destruction (think NE patriarchy and female literacy)
Angels dancing on the head of a pin.
Actual colloquiums. Today: Phrase meaning arguing about irrelevant things (examples)

Humanism:
Individual talents/thoughts matter
Is Renaissance opposed to religion? No, but seeds o’ destruction of Church hegemony over intellectual thought.

Individual reason: Scientific Revolution
Deduction/Induction (Renee deCarte is a drunken fart!) Bacon: Sizzlin’ idears
Detect/detect/detect conclude
Inductive is in
Don’t do then on their own.
Reason, hypothesis, scientific method.
Danger Will Robinson!
Avatar (refresh vocab) of Scientific Revolution
Galileo
GEOCENTRISM/HELIOCENTRISM
Bible v. scientific method conflict
Center of Solar System
Pi
Genetics (Mendel) vs. striped sticks.
Pope afraid: Church will lose primacy.
Scientific method triumphant today, but battle still rages.
Battle no longer between elites; elites vs. public
Religious accommodation: moderate Christians (figurative interpretative) and fundamentalist (every word is literally true)
Dover school board

Pope was right: Now people turn individual reason to religion
Review Luther/Calvin

Reporter’s chart
Reuse Johnson’s quote on GA.

Who:
Locke, Hobbes, Rousseau, perhaps Voltaire, Montesquieu. Franklin in America (Enlightenment in the colonies personified).

What:
Application of reason to social organization (guv’mint)

Where:
Primarily Western Europe: Spreads to colonies (i.e. Franklin and Jefferson/Locke) No tax without rep.

Why:
Trend of individual thought continues, secularism, reaction to new monarchies, reaction to events (Hobbes to civil war, Locke to Glorious Rev)

When: Mid Eighteenth century (Though Hobbes is a forerunner)

Prior to Enlightenment:
Legitimacy from God (historical examples – why a good plan?)
Divine right
Bishop Bousset and the Sun King
King James Bible and “Obey legitimate authority/king)

Set aside unprovable Biblical claim: Look for evidence.

Imagine Life in the State of Nature

Natural rights
Complete freedom: Good?
I am the baddest dude in the valley.
Sleep the great equalizer (small girl and stick in Mr. Tueting’s eye)
Discuss why Life in the state of nature is risky.
Why would complete freedom become meaningless?

Social Contract
Give up some rights to keep others (ante up to society: poker chip icon)

Rousseau: Man basically good: Minimal government
Government that governs least governs best
Maximize freedom
Book: Lord of the Flies is Golding’s middle finger to Rousseau
Social contract

Locke: Tabula Rasa. Mr. Healy is impressed.
Man must be controlled
Contract to preserve rights.
Two Treatises On Government

Hobbes: Nasty, Brutish Short
War of all against all
Man is evil
Leviathan
Absolute power! (Same destination as Bousset, but different path)

Locke: Balancing act

Consent of the governed: Locke different from Hobbes (who denies right to withdraw consent)

Trinity of rights!

Breach of contract
Tyranny, sir! (LOM accent)
Right to rebel
Influence on DOI

People often think the brain and heart are in conflict; but GA and En work together. A social contract between ideas, if you will ;)

Show link:
Paine’s enlightenment Common Sense communicated to masses by GA speaker Henry, leads to the people getting riled up (and thinking that they have the right to be riled up from both GA and En).

The stage has been set.
Now we only need to usher in the grievances and the bubblin’ pot o’ ‘Merican individualism will explode. (Note frontier’s impact on individualism – “Living our lives not “by your leave”, but hacking them out of the wilderness, bearing our children as we go!”)

Monty Python example.

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